The demand for different types of transformers have risen significantly due to a lot of people staying at their homes. Transmission transformers and power transmission transformers are one of the most highest demand transformers, and learning about the Transmission transformer connection is a great way to understand distribution transformer rating.
Why is it important to learn these? For starters, it helps broaden the knowledge about the different types of transformers since transformers are a complicated and vast subject for some. But with the help of DAELIM, a company that has been specializing in Transmission transformers, you will be able to extensively learn about this topic.
To begin with, answering this question is the very first step to grasping a better understanding of what these electrical devices truly are.
Some might be familiar with what electrical transformers are but in case you did not know, here are the fundamentals of what electrical transformers are in general.
Electrical transformers are basically machines that have the ability to transfer electricity from circuit to circuit with voltage that is frequently changing. Although the changing voltage is rampant, electrical transformers do not go through a frequency change as the transferring process begins.
Nowadays, electrical transformers are manufactured to be used in alternating current supply or better known as A.C supply. This means that the fluctuation in the supply voltage is affected by the current. This means that there is an increase in the current which will result in the increase of the voltage as well. (Applicable vice versa).
Moreover, electrical transformers are designed to enhance the safety and efficiency of power systems. This is done through the process of increasing and decreasing voltage levels when there is a need to do so.
Transformers are the reasons why there is a supply of electricity to buildings, which is why they are commonly used for residential and industrial applications. Furthermore, this goes the same for the distribution and regulation of the power as well since transformers provide electricity to countless buildings even at long distances.
Not all transformers have these parts since there are different types of transformers with different functions, mechanisms, and purposes. But the majority of these types do have some of the parts. Including but not limited to:
The magnetic core will be responsible for relating the flux to the secondary winding, and the purpose of this is to create a magnetic circuit that is capable of closing the flux. In terms of the low reluctance path, this is placed within the core to maximize flux linkage.
The primary winding is the part of the transformer that is responsible for inducing the magnetic flux. This specific part of the transformer is connected to an electrical source. Specifically to where the magnetic flux is produced initially.
These coils are expected to be insulated from each other. After the main flux induction. It is passed to the magnetic core and then linked to the transformer’s secondary winding through a low reluctance path.
The role of the secondary winding here is to help complete the movement of the flux, which basically begins its process on the primary side. Utilizing the core will reach the secondary winding.
The secondary winding is also given the capability to pick momentum since both windings are wound together on the same core,making their own motion. The majority of the different types of transformers have their magnetic core assembled through stacks of limited steel sheets, which leaves the minimum required air-gap between each for optimum continuity of the magnetic path.
Speaking of the different types of transformers, here are some of the different types of transformers available in the market and readily available at DAELIM’s list of products.
A step-up transformer’s sole purpose is to increase the voltage from primary to secondary, and the process of this involves more turns from the secondary winding compared to the primary winding turns.
In terms of the national grid, step-up transformers are basically using this to increase the voltage. However, they can also reduce the current through this process. Step-up transformers (depending on the kVA rating) are fully capable turning 25,000 Volts to 400,000 Volts in a short amount of time whilst decreasing the current.
The lesser the current, the less energy is lost when the wire is heated.
A step-down transformer is basically a type of transformer that reduces the voltage. The same with step-up transformers, this involves the voltage as well but reduced instead of increased from primary to secondary.
When it comes to the transformation ratio, it must be equivalent to the square root of the primary to secondary inductance. ratio.
These transformers are commonly situated at power generation plants that step down the voltage of power streams that is received at the local distribution level.
Basically, power transformers are specifically used for transmitting electrical energy towards any component of the electrical circuit that is between the generator and the distribution primary circuits involved.
These transformers are also used in distribution networks for the purpose of interfering step up and step down voltages. This type of transformer is one of DAELIM’s best sellers.
Speaking of best-selling transformers, distribution transformers are also one of DAELIM’s highly demanded transformers.But what is a distribution transformer for?
Distribution transformers are also commonly used in electrical power distribution and transmission systems for various reasons. For starters, the distribution transformer rating is far from other types of transformers.
This type of transformer is considered high-class since it has the highest power. Also, you can consider a distribution transformer to have the highest volt-ampere transmission systems. Power ratings are measured, determined, or scaled by what type of cooling medium the transformer uses.
Unlike power transformers and distribution transformers, pad-mounted transformers are actually located or situated in public places since their build is safe for outdoor exposure. You see these metal boxes almost everywhere, especially in residential areas or even in the streets.
This type of transformer is commonly used in residential areas and it works the same way as distribution transformers do but with limits since its size is only capable of a lesser distribution transformer rating.
Pad-mounted transformers basically lower high voltages to household voltage levels that are enough to power one or several buildings, along with the electrical appliances in them.
Another popular type of transformer that is commonly seen outdoors but above ground level are pole-mounted transformers. These single-phase transformers are basically those barrel-shaped metal objects you see on utility poles on the streets.
They are common breadbox transformers that are utilized to convert distribution voltages to 120/240-volt power that is a sufficient amount to supply homes and other buildings that are of low electrical volume.
But what about transmission transformers? What are they for and how does a transmission transformer connection work? And what is the difference between a power transmission transformer versus an ordinary one?
In this section, we go through the answer of each question and elaborate it thoroughly so that it will be easier for you to understand what it is.
A transmission transformer is basically another term for a power transformer. You must remember that so as to not confuse yourself with these terminologies. But to elaborate more on transmission transformers, they are commonly used for transmission that are utilized as a step-up device.
This is in order to minimize that l2r loss for a given power flow. This type of transformer is specifically designed to make use of its core to a maximum in order to operate near the knee point of the B-H curve.
Three-phase transmission transformer connections are generated with the help of using three single-phase transformers or by directly using one three-phase transformer. The advantage of this is that there will be less cost, weight, floor space, and even lower losses compared to using three single-phase transformers.
This is basically how transmission transformer connections are established. Depending on what your project or purpose is, you may go for three single-phase transformers or one three-phase transformer. Either way, it performs and operates decently.
When it comes to the advantages and disadvantages of a transmission transformer, there are some factors that you should look out for. This section also aims to help you make a purchase decision.
DAELIM Electric suggests that you should consider the disadvantages as well before you make a purchase decision as it might not meet your standards for your purpose of project.
Starting with the main or key advantages of transmission transformers, below are the following:
If you are looking for a transformer that requires no start-up time, then transmission transformers are for you since they can operate immediately without delay whatsoever. The only time that this transformer consumes is the transportation and installment of the transformer.
After installation, it is just as good to plug-to-play.
Of course, efficiency is out of the question here since transmission transformers are upgraded to more efficiency due to several improvements made on it. They rarely encounter losses. But although this type of transformer is considered highly efficient, this does not mean they are 100% efficient. But nevertheless, its efficiency is well over 95%.
Well, they certainly are not called transmission transformers for no reason. This transformer allows electricity to be transmitted over long distances at amazingly low prices. Increasing the voltage is required for the current to be transmitted while the resistance on its line is reduced.
This helps ensure that there are little losses as it moves. On the other hand, a different case would mean that there would be power losses on transmission lines which would affect the passing of the electricity.
As mentioned, this transformer does not have a starting time, and you would be thrilled to know that transmission transformers also has a continuous operation feature, which means that unlike other electrical machines, they do not need to be switched off.
Turning off a transmission transformer could affect its performance, especially if this is done repeatedly. This is the main reason why they are commonly used in distribution power systems.
Another great feature that the transmission transformer has is low maintenance. Transmission transformers may have a no starting time and no stopping function but this does not mean that they require frequent maintenance.
However, you do need to monitor its oil, contacts, and components. But that is basically it. Moreover, this does not involve a lot of effort and money to do so.
When it comes to the disadvantages, the following are the drawbacks of transmission transformers.
Unlike dry-type distribution transformers, transmission transformers need a cooling medium or insulating oil, which can be costly and highly flammable.Since it is operating all the time, you would have to monitor its oil if there is any left.
It is not possible to shut it down and wait for it to cool as this might easily affect the transformer’s performance.
transmission transformers can be large, even lesser rated ones can still be big, and this could be a problem to some, especially if there is a limited amount of space available. Remember, the size of the transformer has a lot to do with its voltage level capacity.
The higher it is, the larger the transformer. So if your purpose or project requires a high voltage transformer, then expect that you would need a large space for it.
Transmission transformers are good for large projects that involve high voltage ratings and long distance supplying. However, if this does not seem to be fit for your purpose or project, there are countless types of transformers you can choose from DAELIM’s list of products.
However, if you are still unsure at this point. Do not hesitate to contact DAELIM’s team of professionals for immediate assistance.
When you find that the conventional transmission transformer on the market cannot meet your needs. Daelim has an experienced transformer design team that can design and produce a suitable transmission transformer for you. Because Daelim has fifteen years of design and production experience, and it has been used in more than 20 countries in the world.
ELECTRIC, WITH AN ENGE-- DAELIM BELEFIC